Breakfast foods that boost focus, attention, mood, and provide lasting energy – to avoid the “Seven Dwarf Syndrome” at school.

Presence is more than just being there.” – Malcom S. Forbes

Just being seated at their desk is not enough, kids need to be ready to focus, pay attention, and really connect to the material.  Skip breakfast, or make poor choices, and kids might find themselves feeling like one of the Seven Little Dwarfs – Sleepy, Grumpy or Dopey.

According to an Australian study, people who follow a “Western”, or Standard American Diet (SAD) are more likely to have attention issues and receive an ADHD diagnosis.  The SAD is characterized as more sweets, processed, fried and refined foods – in general, more packaged and convenience foods. Although there really isn’t a “Seven Dwarf Syndrome,” Dr. William Sears coined the term NDD – Nutrition Deficit Disorder, and he says that some cases of ADD are really just NDD. Read: Is it ADD or NDD?: 12 Inattention Culprits.

The Power-up Breakfast:

The first meal of the day, breakfast literally means “breaking the fast.”  For kids to be able to stay on task and engaged, the morning meal should help them power-up and provide lasting energy.  The right choices will properly fuel our kids’ bodies, brains, and even their mood.  The wrong choices could put kids at a disadvantage to learn. Critical to provide a good foundation for learning and attention in school, the ideal power-up breakfast will be a good source of one or more of the following:

  1. Healthy Fats
  2. Protein
  3. Fiber/Whole Grains

1. Healthy fats

The brain composition is over 60% fat, so in order for the brain to develop and work well – diets must have sufficient amounts of healthy fats. Fatty acids are basically what the brain needs to think and feel.  The no and low-fat diet craze of recent years was literally starving our brains!  One of the most important fats for the brain is omega 3s – known as essential fatty acids. Essential means that our body can not manufacture them, so they must be consumed.  A 1996 Purdue University study  revealed that kids with learning and behavior problems had lower levels of the omega 3 DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) in their blood.  A 2000 study showed that adding DHA fats to infant formula increased their intelligence.  Conversely, declines in DHA levels of the brain are associated with cognitive decline.  Consumption of fish (omega 3s) is also associated with lower levels of depression.  The US Military is spending over $1 Million to study the effects of fish oils on the prevention and treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, the lead doctor on the study refers to fish oil as “nutritional armor” for soldiers.

Omega 3s are found in:  fatty fish like salmon, some nuts and seeds (like flax and chia seeds), and fish oils.  Since most American kids don’t like fish for breakfast, taking a fish oil or another omega 3 supplement in the morning is an easy way to boost those omega 3s.  Kids definitely will run the other way if it smells or tastes fishy, so here are some delicious options, with no fishy taste or smell:

Fats also provide the body with an important source of energy after they are metabolized.  Other healthy fats are found in olive oil, avocados, and coconut oil.  Coconut oil contains medium chain triglycerides which are shown to be metabolized more quickly than other fats, so they can be more quickly converted to energy and will be less likely to be stored (as fat).

2. Protein

A good component of a solid power-up breakfast, protein gives kids lasting energy – key to help them stay energized and focused throughout the morning.

Eggs are one of the highest quality protein sources, providing about 6 grams of protein per large egg. Another important nutrient that can be obtained from eggs is choline, which supports memory and brain functioning. More than 90% of Americans were found to be deficient in choline according to a Iowa State University study.  Many people have been led to believe that egg yolks raise our cholesterol, and have been advised to limit egg consumption, or skip the yolks.  But researchers at Harvard School of Nutrition have found that the majority of the population, eggs do not raise blood cholesterol.  Egg yolks are a rich source of lecithin, needed for proper nerve functioning, and which play a role in memory and concentration.  Kansas State University discovered that the lecithin in eggs reduces the absorption of cholesterol.  So go ahead and eat the yolks, and please – do not be tricked into buying those boxed “eggs” to avoid the cholesterol!  Choosing organic eggs is worth the extra pennies, as they are naturally higher in omega 3 fatty acids.
Yogurt is produced by fermentation of dairy (or dairy alternatives). Not only is yogurt high in protein, it is one of the richest sources of calcium, and contains probiotics.  Probiotics promote a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut, which promotes good digestion and boosts immunity.  Gut disbiosys is an imbalance of bacteria in the intestines, and is a evolving theory for the etiology of Autism, ADHD, sensory processing and related disorders.  But watch out for the flavored varieties – they can have too much sugar and even artificial coloring.  Look for brands that have lower sugar content, and I always choose organic whenever possible.  You can buy plain yogurt, and sweeten it yourself with a little Natures Agave, Barleans Omega Swirl, or your own fruit.  Try these brands I like:

Nuts and Nut Butters – Spreading some nut butter on their toast will give kids some protein and healthy fats for longer lasting energy. Nuts and nut butters are great on apple slices, you can even add a spoonful to oatmeal.  Nuts are also a good source of healthy fats. But read the labels to make sure that there is no added sugar or trans fats.  If if you do choose peanut butter, look for the all-natural varieties with no added sugars or oils.  I prefer the nutrition of almond butter over peanut, but if you do choose peanut – look for a brand that is made from Valencia peanuts, they are less likely to contain aflatoxins, a carcinogen.  Read: Perplexed About Peanuts for more info.  This brand is a particularly good nut butter:

Smoothies are a great way to pack in protein, fiber, and omega 3s- I like to put frozen berries, banana, vanilla protein powder, a greens powder (such as Barleans Greens) and 2 Tablespoons of chia seed. I also like to add some So Delicious coconut keifer, or yogurt.  Add some Good Belly mango – it contains probiotics, and will add mango flavors and a little sweetness.  Smoothies are great because they are portable in case you are running late – just pour into a water bottle or glass – voila!  A power-up meal in a glass.

3. Whole Grains/Fiber

Many kids (and adults) just simply do not get enough fiber in their diets.  Fiber is important because it keeps our digestive system working well, and it also provides longer lasting energy – because unlike white flour, foods made with whole grains takes the body longer to use/digest.   Many kids miss school because of “tummy toubles” that could be solved by increasing the amount of natural fiber in their diets.  Good sources of fiber are whole grains, whole fruits, and vegetables.  A food is considered a good fiber source if it has at least 3 grams of fiber per serving, excellent if it has over 5 grams.  Foods with fiber in them are considered complex carbohydrates – digesting complex carbs with fiber takes longer than digesting simple carbs (sugar and all processed “white” grains). High fiber foods stay in the system longer and and provide the body with more energy for longer periods.  When grains are processed, the fiber is removed along with most of the natural nutrients. Processed grains are simple carbs – and are quickly converted to sugar in the body.  Some good whole grain options:

Fruits – fruits are a delicious start to your morning, and a good source of nutritious fiber.  A bowl of berries with some yogurt, a half of a grapefruit, a fresh fruit smoothie – all will provide extra fiber, antioxidants, and vitamins to your kids’ morning.  Each meal of the day is an opportunity to eat some fruits and veggies – the new My Plate suggests we fill half our plate with plant-based foods!  What about fruit juice? Definitely avoid any juice that is not 100% juice, or has the artificial colors.  Drinking juice (even 100% juice) can do the same thing that sugar does – it causes our blood sugar to spike and then shortly after, it will fall.  So you are always better eating the whole fruit instead of drinking the juice.  The fruit contains fiber which slows the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream, gives us lasting energy, aids digestion, and fills up our tummies.  If you do choose juice, make sure it is real juice, serve a small glass, and pair it with some protein, fiber, and/or healthy fats to prevent the sugar spike and crash.

Vegetables – not one of the foods we typically think about for breakfast – veggies are a great addition to our morning routine.  Add in some spinach, tomatoes and peppers into your morning omelette.  I like this recipe for a kid-friendly veggie omelette. Roasted and pureed sweet potatoes are a wonderful addition to your pancake batter.  I like to sneak in some veggies into smoothies – carrots go great in a mango/peach smoothie, and add lots of extra color. Baby spinach is a wonderful addition to smoothies too.  I like to use Greens Powders in my morning smoothies too.  Try Barleans Greens, they come in a variety of flavors, or just plain.

Just Don’t Skip It!

If your child frequently is running late for school and skips breakfast, having some healthy on-the-go options on hand is a good plan.  When I make smoothies, I like to pour any extra into popsicle molds – they make a great after school snack, and also a quick on-the-go breakfast.  Cereal or granola bars can also be a good option – but watch out!  Many bars are full of sugar or high fructose corn syrup, trans fats, low in fiber, and even have artificial coloring!  Here are some better choices:

Top 3 Breakfast Ingredients to Avoid for Focus:

1. Sugar. We all know that eating sugar is not nutritious.  But besides being empty calories – a sugary breakfast is a disastrous way to send a kid off to school.  Sugary foods give us an initial burst of energy; but then shortly after it is followed by a ‘crash,” something I call “The Sugar Rollercoaster.” When we crash, our blood sugar drops, and we can lose focus, energy; some individuals who are hypoglycemic or pre-diabetic can even become shaky, sleepy, and lethargic – not the ideal state for our kids to learn.

If you do choose a food with some sweetness, try to select one with primarily naturally occurring sugars (not added), that are a good source of fiber, protein and/or healthy fats.  Sugary cereals, pastries, donuts, or anything swimming in syrup is not likely to give anyone the lasting energy they will need to get through first period, never mind getting them to lunchtime.   Avoiding cereals with more than 10 grams of sugar per serving is a smart approach, or anything that lists sugar as the first or second ingredient.  Also watch out for the sneaky sugar sources – foods that seem healthy, but are loaded with sugar.  Although they can be a good source of protein and calcium, and some of the sugar is naturally-occurring, certain brands of yogurt can also have a lot of added sugar.   Read labels – look at the grams of sugar, and also the percentage of calcium in the yogurt.  The higher the percentage of calcium, typically – the less sugar, choose brands that are closer to 30% calcium.  Some other sneaky “health foods’ are muffins and granola – both can be full of sugar.  Try to choose the lowest sugar option, or better yet – make it yourself!  The best way to watch your sugar intake is to make it yourself and become a label-reader – get familiar with the sugar content in the foods you are feeding your kids.  Next time you are at the store, see if there is a better choice – there often is!  Have you ever added up all the sugar you or your kids eat in a day?  Try it – it might shock you!

2. Trans fats.   Do doughnuts Make you Dumber?  Increasing all fats in the diet is not the answer.  There are some fats that we want to avoid: trans fats.  Trans fats are “altered fats,” which are created when food heated in fats for a long period (ie: deep fried), or when they are hydrogenated (ie: margarine).  Trans fats tend to be solid at body temperature, and therefore act more like saturated fats, making cells more rigid and inflexible, and interfering with normal functioning of cell membranes.  Studies have shown that trans fats can interfere with DHA utilization in the brain, leading to diminished brain functioning. Additionally, trans fats have been shown to raise LDL (bad) cholesterol. Foods that contain trans fat include; doughnuts, margarines, mayonnaise, salad dressings, french fries and other fast foods, and many processed/packaged foods like cakes, pastries, cookies, etc.  Even if the package says “contains no trans fats”, it can contain them – in small amounts (if there is less than 1 gram, they can claim no trans fats).  Avoiding or limiting processed and packaged foods, or anything that says “may contain partially hydrogenated soybean, sunflower, safflower, or corn oil” on the label will help you steer clear of trans fats.

The Standard American Diet (SAD) is generally too high in omega 6 fats, and deficient in omega 3s.  This imbalance leads to chronic inflammation, a foundation of most degenerative diseases.  Besides behavior, focus and attention issues, some other signs of fatty acid imbalances are: dry or cracked skin, dandruff/dry hair, dry eyes, allergies, poor wound healing, fatigue, frequent infections, and excessive thirst.  Other disorders that have been linked to fatty acid imbalances: Alzheimers/dementia, autoimmune disorders, MS, Schizophrenia, Depression, aggression, migraines, neurological diseases, tinnitis, and more.

3. Artificial Colors, Preservatives, other Chemicals. The jury is still out as far as the FDA is concerned, but several studies have revealed that certain susceptible kids are negatively affected by the chemicals in artificial coloring, especially kids with ADHD and Autism.   So when there are plenty of alternatives, why would we feed our kids a cereal or another food that has artificial colors in them?  According to the Mayo Clinic, kids who are prone to hyperactivity should especially avoid foods with yellow dye numbers 5, 6 and 10, as well as sodium benzoate and red dye number 40.  Look at the ingredients list on all cereals, on the sparkly toothpaste your kids uses in the morning, some brands of flavored yogurts, some strawberry flavored milk, and some “fruit” drinks.  If it is brightly colored, chances are the color came from artificial sources.  Choosing organic cereal, yogurt and natural toothpastes is a good approach, as you can be sure that there are not artificial colors in anything that has the USDA certified organic label.  But even some natural compounds can be a problem – salicylates are naturally occurring chemicals that can create issues in individuals with ADHD. Dehydrated fruits, fresh berries, tomatoes, tea, licorice, peppermint candy/extract, cucumbers and spices such as curry powder, paprika, thyme and rosemary can all contain salicylates.

A study from the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health has found that eating a healthy diet in childhood can be associated with small increases in I.Q.  Breakfast could be the tipping point to make or break students’ ability to pay attention and focus in class.  But a better diet may not be the full answer for all kids.  There are a number of physiological reasons that can cause behavior and attention problems, including but not limited to ADHD.  Read: Is it ADD or NDD? for more information about various physiological reasons for attention and behavior issues.

Books:

Note: This article was originally written in 2011, it was edited in 2014.

If you have a picky eater in your family – you are not alone – most American households have at least one. Picky eaters consume a very narrow range of foods, which tend to be lacking in nutrients and fiber.

Picky eating is very common in toddlers, and as long as parents continue to offer healthy choices and do not cater to their pickiness, many kids will outgrow this stage. But picky kids can become picky adults if allowed to continue eating “kid food.”

Our bodies need antioxidants, vitamins and minerals to support all cellular functions.  Picky eaters’ diets tend to be more lacking in vegetables, and contain too many processed foods. This can lead to nutrient deficiencies, lowered immune system, constipation, and even other problems like delayed growth and bone strength/ density problems (read Building Strong Bones in Kids).  Eating a highly processed diet also increased the risk for weight gain and all degenerative diseases including heart disease and diabetes later in life. 

The younger you can start, the better, because as kids get older – their eating habits get more “set” and difficult to change, and they are more independent – making more decisions on their own. But it is never too late to start improving dietary habits – even picky adults can do it!

Some typical picky eater “profiles”: 

20 Tips for Transforming Picky Eaters:

  1. Ditch the “kid food.”Feeding kids a separate dinner, or always give them “kid-food” will not help a child to expand their palate. Besides the extra time it takes to prepare a separate meal for the kids each night, most “kid food” tends to be nutritionally deficient.  In order for kids to develop their palate, they need to be exposed to a wide variety of foods, sitting down to the same meal together helps children explore different tastes and flavors. How else is your child going to develop the taste for salmon or Brussels sprouts? Sometimes due to parent’s work schedules this is not possible for everyone to sit down together, so having a family meal whenever possible is a good plan. A recent study showed that eating together as a family encourages kids to try new foods. Eating together as a family has also been shown to offer other benefits, read Bring Back the Family Meal for more info.
  2. Follow a 90/10 rule. It is the things we do most of the time that have the biggest impact on our health. The 90/10 rule is a good “real world” plan.  It encourages healthy choices most of the time, but allows for some flexibility.  On this plan, 90% of the diet comes from “healthy” nutrient dense foods, and the 10% left can be “splurge” foods. The Obama family follows this plan, which is nice because it allows for occasional treats, but only if kids have eaten a primarily healthy diet, such as having 5 servings of vegetables and fruits. Even getting to an 80/20 ratio would be a big improvement for many!  Too often, kids who eat very few to no vegetables at dinner (or all day) will then fix themselves a huge bowl of ice cream or another sweet dessert.  My husband came up with this rule – “your dessert can not be bigger than the serving of veggies you had for dinner.”
  3. Stop the power-struggles. Some kids are picky for attention, or to exert their independence. Instead of giving them attention for negative behavior, focus on and encourage the positive. You could set up a reward system – put out a jar, and let them earn marbles or coins for trying new foods, or eating their veggies. If they are getting more attention for making healthy choices – that will reinforce the “good” behaviors.  Another strategy is to offer 2 choices that you can live with – “would you like a salad or broccoli with dinner tonight?”  When kids are able to make a choice, they feel more independent and in control.
  4. Have FUN!  Humor is also a great tactic for breaking through power struggles – be silly and have fun at mealtimes.  One way to make food fun is to cut it into fun shapes.  I like to use little fondant cutters to cut fruit & veggies into fun shapes, kids also like to make melon balls.  Put the shapes and melon balls onto skewers – and stick them into a watermelon that was cut in half and put upside down – and you have a beautiful centerpiece (see eHow video).  Set up a salad bar at home.  The kids get their lettuce, and then add the different veggies that they like – red peppers, carrot shreds, etc.  Link this into the rewards system, and they get points for trying a new veggie, or for each one they add to the salad.  Experts even encourage kids to play with their food – our kids like to eat their Brussels sprouts with their hands and peel off each layer – hey, they are eating and loving their Brussels sprouts, so why quabble about table manners at this point?  If we were out to a nice dinner – we would probably discourage eating with hands however.
  5. Keep Track. When kids are paying attention to how many fruits and veggies they really are eating every day – it can be eye-opening (for parents too!).  Create a food chart, or I encourage kids to use 5 a Day Silly Bandz to track their daily fruit & veggie consumption.  They put them all on their left wrist in the morning, and each time they eat a serving (not a bite) of fruit or veggies – they get to move 1 band to the right wrist. The goal should be to have at least 5 or more on the right wrist at the end of the day – it is a fun, visual & tactile way to keep fruit & veggies on the brain.  If you are sitting down to dinner and all the bands are still on the left wrist, it says something about their diet that day (and often their energy and mood will coincide)!!  Some families might decide to make dessert conditional – the daily veggie and fruit goal must be met in order to have dessert (this goes back to the 90/10 rule).
  6. Food is Fuel. Help kids understand how foods affect how their bodies feel and function. Sugary cereals or doughnuts for breakfast can cause them to crash and burn, that kind of fuel won’t help them “ace” their test or help get their team to All-Stars.  Teach kids to be “intuitive eaters,” to think about how a food makes their bodies feel or function. Many foods (like sugary foods) make you feel great for about 15 minutes, but then your body crashes, along with your mood and your brain function. Some foods can cause digestive troubles too. Help you child connect to how a food makes them feel – 30 minutes, 1-2 hours after eating it.  So if they overindulge in candy, cookies or another food that leaves them feeling icky – use it as a learning opportunity.  Ask them how all that sugar made their body feel.  Some people live their whole lives and do not make the connection between what they eat and how their body feels.  Helping kids to do this is an incredible skill to develop that could serve them for the rest of their lives.
  7. Encourage Adventurous Eating. Instead of pointing out that they are a picky eater, encourage them to be an “Adventurous Eater!” In my School Assemblies – I ask kids if they would ride in a hot air balloon, or zip line in Costa Rica? Most kids say “yes.” I say that if they are adventurous with what they like to do, they can also be more adventurous with what they eat – they have nothing to lose! I always tell them that there might not be buttered noodles or pizza in Costa Rica, so they should start training their taste buds now to be a world traveler. Plus picky eating is soooo 2012!
  8. Purge the pantry. Some families simply need to clean out the refrigerator and the pantry to remove the temptations for a little while. Toss out the sugary sodas and other sweet drinks, cookies, candies, sugary cereals, processed snacks, and more. Even fruit juice can be trouble – as even though it is natural, it is still a big jolt of sugar. Replace them with lots of veggies, whole fruits and whole grains, nuts, and other healthy choices.  A week or two might be all you need to “rebalance” habits and cravings. The more sugar a person eats, the more they want, so getting rid of it for a while can be a good strategy to reset their taste buds. The kids will likely protest for a few days, but you might be surprised at what they end up choosing for dessert when there is no ice cream or cookies around.
  9. Stop the snacking!!  Kids today eat about 30% of their calories as snacks, according to a study from the U. of North Carolina. But many snacks and kid foods are empty calories, with lower nutrient-density.  Kids that are allowed to snack all day long and right before meals, will come to dinner with their bellies already full of “snack food”, leaving no room for the meal being served.  If kids sit down to dinner hungry, they are more likely to eat what is served. European kids snack very little, and they tend to eat 3 square meals a day, and eat the same meal as the parents, and therefore they have much more sophisticated palates. If your child has not eaten since lunch and is looking for a snack before dinner – put out a tray with a selection of colorful veggies with dip – some baby carrots, snap peas, red pepper and other chopped veggies. Put out some hummus or another dip to make it fun. We like to use colorful mini bowls for dips – it makes it more fun, and they use less of the dip. Summertime is a great time to boost the fruit and veggies – they are in season, so they are less expensive, more plentiful, and as ripe and delicious as ever! When you bring home the veggies, wash and cut them so they are ready to eat when the kids ask for a snack.
  10. Experiment. Try raw, cooked, roasted… Someone who does not like cooked carrots – might like them raw dipped in dressing. Roasting vegetables brings out the natural sweetness of that food, so vegetables roasted in the oven tends to be sweeter than the steamed kind. Make sure to not overcook vegetables – mushy vegetables don’t look or taste appealing to anyone, plus much of the nutrition ends up in the water if overcooked. Baby spinach is very mild tasting – if you chop it up well – many kids might surprise you and eat a spinach salad, which is packed with nutrition.
  11. Turn them into a Top Chef. If they cook it – they will eat it, or at least they will try it! When kids cook “they come to at least try the food,” said Isobel Contento, professor of nutrition education and co-author of a study conducted at Columbia University Teachers College. So get your picky eater into the kitchen, or sign them up for some healthy kids cooking classes. If a kid cooks it – they will want to try their creation. Sometimes, kids can really get into cooking, and can even be a big help around the kitchen.
  12. Ditch the sodas.  Kids who drink sodas regularly eat more and also have a higher risk of heart disease later in life.  Replace sodas with plain ole water throughout the day. A large percentage of kids simply do not get enough water during the day, which can lead to chronic dehydration and other related problems. For a treat, we like to make “fresh fruit fizzies.” To make them, you squeeze fresh citrus fruit into a cup, and add some sparkling water. If it is not sweet enough, stir in a little squirt of raw local honey or organic agave nectar – and voila! You have a fun antioxidant rich healthier soda, they are fun to make too.
  13. Serve veggies first. Picky eaters often leave their veggies for last on their plate and claim they are “full.” Serve the veggies first when they are hungriest – or hold off on any seconds until the veggies have been consumed.
  14. Whip up a smoothie!  Smoothies are a great way to pack in the nutrition. Instead of a lot of juice start with a whole orange as your base. Add in some frozen blueberries, a frozen banana and some vanilla protein powder. I like to add spinach or a greens powder to my kids’ smoothies – if blended well, they don’t even know it is in there – and spinach is high in vitamin k, vitamin A, and magnesium. A Vitamix is a good tool for families with picky eaters, yes they are expensive – but they last for decades, and are powerful blenders that can remove all the texture from foods – important for a texture-phobe. They allow for easy inclusion of vegetables into smoothies.
  15. “Enhance” foods.  I don’t call it sneaking, or hiding, I call it enhancing.  I enhance everything I make for myself whenever I can, why not my kids?  Chia seeds and kale can boost the nutrition in smoothies, butternut squash makes a delicious “cheesy” pasta dish. Great for texture-phobes – as the texture is removed by pureeing the vegetables first.  Some people think this tactic is deceptive – read: Is Hiding Fruits & Veggies Deceptive, Or a Solution to the Obesity Crisis?  Weigh in with your opinion in the comments below.  Get a Choco Banana Supersmoothie and a Superfoods “cheesy pasta” recipe by downloading this free Cooking with Superfoods eBook. Also, try The Sneaky Chef and Deceptively Delicious cookbooks for more “boosted” recipes.
  16. Taste Buds Change.  I always teach kids the “15 Tries Rule.” Studies show that it sometimes takes 15 exposures to a food for someone to develop an affinity for a particular food.  So remind your picky eater that just trying a food once or twice is not enough – they need to try it at least 15 times. As long as they at least take one bite each time that food is served – they are giving it a try. Encourage them to keep trying, and if they try it and do not like it, do not force them to keep eating it.   Praise them for at least trying.  They will be more likely to try it again next time.  How do you know if you don’t like it if you don’t at least try it?  I tell kids that if they have not tried a food in a while – they might just surprise themselves and love it!  This is another reason that I like to enhance foods – even if we do not know the food is in there, or taste it consciously – our taste buds are getting exposed to it, and so it helps us to develop our palate for that food over time. 
  17. Boost spices & flavor!  So often, picky eaters are fed a diet of bland and boring foods like buttered noodles and nuggets.  Often parents mistakenly think that picky kids prefer foods lacking in flavor.  Surprisingly, many kids are craving more flavor and variety, they just may not know it themselves.  My former picky eater loves pestos and spicy foods – the more flavor the better.  This is why Flamin Hot Cheetos are unfortunately so popular on playground – they are bursting with spice and flavor that kids are craving (and unfortunately also artificial colors, flavors, preservatives, and other toxic ingredients).  So don’t be afraid to give them foods that have flavor – they might find a new excitement with food after eating a boring bland diet for so long.
  18. Supplement. Get your picky eater on a high quality multi-vitamin and/or foods-based supplement. This will help to make up for some of the nutrients that they are missing in their diets.
  19. Check their zinc status - essential to the normal growth and development of animals and humans. Zinc is required for the synthesis of steroid hormones by the adrenal glands, required for growth. Low zinc levels can cause picky eating in kids.  Supplementing with zinc can also sometimes correct unexplained slow growth in children.  Contact a nutritionist about having your child’s zinc status checked.  
  20. Set a good example. Picky eating runs in families – but is it nature or nurture?   According to a 2005 study, parents who consumed more fruits and vegetables were less likely to pressure their kids to eat and had kids who were less picky and consumed more fruits and vegetables. The study concluded that “parents should focus less on “picky eating” behavior and more on modeling fruit and vegetable consumption for their children.” Kids watch what their parents do, and tend to follow their lead.  So when parents choose and eat more fruits and veggies, so will their kids.

Do not give up!!  First of all, realize that transforming a picky eater is no picnic. Some kids can fit more than one of the above “types” of picky eaters, which can make the challenge even more difficult.  Don’t expect a picky eater to change overnight – most kids who are picky will need a lot of encouragement, and despite improving, could always be a little on the picky side. But even little improvements in their diet – can add up over time.  But realize – it is worth the effort, kids who do not eat a well balanced diet are going to be at an increased risk for diseases later in life.  Obesity and diabetes are rising in this country, and changing that starts at home in the kitchen.  Keep reminding yourself that it is worth every frustrating minute of your time and energy to help them expand their palate.

If your picky eater does not improve at all after several weeks of trying – it might be worth seeing a specialist. Severe cases of picky eating are called Selective Eating Disorder and can last until adulthood if not treated. The definition of a true eating disorder is defined as abnormal eating habits that cause detriment to health, and can also interfere with social and professional relationships. Read No Age on Picky Eating in the Wall Street Journal to learn more.

Your child’s pediatrician can monitor their growth to make sure they are on track for height and weight. Some picky eaters can be underweight because they do not consume enough foods to maintain their weight, but others can be overweight due to the over-consumption of high calorie, nutrient deficient foods. In both cases, nutrient deficiencies can exist.

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